Apollo, Greek God, Greek Gods, Greek Mythology, Mythology. Embed this image on your website or blog NOW! Just drop in the embed code below and you're. Apollon (altgriechisch Ἀπόλλων, lateinisch Apollo, deutsch auch Apoll) ist in der griechischen und römischen Mythologie der Gott des Lichts, der Heilung, des. Begleite Sonnengott Apollo in eine epische Spielewelt und entdecke auf dem Weg zum Slot-Olymp kolossale Gewinnchancen.
Apollo God of the Sun™Apollo God of the Sun, Healing, Music, and Poetry (Gods and Goddesses of Ancient Rome) | Temple, Teri, Temple, Emily | ISBN: | Kostenloser. Apollon (altgriechisch Ἀπόλλων, lateinisch Apollo, deutsch auch Apoll) ist in der griechischen und römischen Mythologie der Gott des Lichts, der Heilung, des. Apollo steht für: Apollon, einen Gott in der römischen und griechischen Mythologie, nach dem verschiedenste Dinge benannt wurden. () Apollo, einen.
Apollo God The Olympian of Many Talents VideoSMITE God Reveal - Apollo, God of Music Videospiele Filme TV Wikis. Apollon traf Python mit einem Pfeil. Pythagoreer Bonblock Platonikerdie Apollon besonders verehrten, waren überzeugt, sein Name habe eine philosophische Bedeutung.
He established his oracle by taking on the guise of a dolphin, leaping aboard a Cretan ship, and forcing the crew to serve him. Thus, Pytho was renamed Delphi after the dolphin delphis , and the Cretan cult of Apollo Delphinius superseded that previously established there by Earth Gaea.
During the Archaic period 8th to 6th century bce , the fame of the Delphic oracle spread as far as Lydia in Anatolia and achieved Panhellenic status.
The oracles were subsequently interpreted and versified by priests. Other oracles of Apollo existed on the Greek mainland, on Delos , and in Anatolia , but none rivalled Delphi in importance.
Of the Greek festivals in honour of Apollo, the most curious was the octennial Delphic Stepterion, in which a boy reenacted the slaying of the Python and was temporarily banished to the Vale of Tempe.
In Italy Apollo was introduced at an early date and was primarily concerned, as in Greece, with healing and prophecy; he was highly revered by the emperor Augustus because the Battle of Actium 31 bce was fought near one of his temples.
Apollo Article Media Additional Info. Print Cite. Facebook Twitter. Give Feedback External Websites. Let us know if you have suggestions to improve this article requires login.
Apollo retaliated by killing the Cyclops , who had created the thunderbolt. Zeus punished his son Apollo by sentencing him to a year of servitude, which he spent as a herdsman for the mortal king Admetus.
Euripides ' tragedy tells the story of the reward Apollo paid Admetus. In the first book of the "Iliad," he is angry with the Greeks for refusing to return the daughter of his priest Chryses.
To punish them, the god showers the Greeks with arrows of plague, possibly bubonic, since the plague-sending Apollo was associated with mice.
Apollo was also linked to the laurel wreath of victory. In one myth, Apollo was fated to a disastrous and unrequited love for Daphne.
Daphne metamorphosed into a laurel tree to avoid him. Leaves from the laurel tree were thereafter used to crown victors at the Pythian games.
Cinyras was a ruler of Cyprus , who was a friend of Agamemnon. Cinyras promised to assist Agamemnon in the Trojan war, but did not keep his promise.
Agamemnon cursed Cinyras. He invoked Apollo and asked the god to avenge the broken promise. Apollo then had a lyre -playing contest with Cinyras , and defeated him.
Either Cinyras committed suicide when he lost, or was killed by Apollo. Apollo functions as the patron and protector of sailors, one of the duties he shares with Poseidon.
In the myths, he is seen helping heroes who pray to him for safe journey. When Apollo spotted a ship of Cretan sailors that was caught in a storm, he quickly assumed the shape of a dolphin and guided their ship safely to Delphi.
When the Argonauts faced a terrible storm, Jason prayed to his patron, Apollo, to help them. Apollo used his bow and golden arrow to shed light upon an island, where the Argonauts soon took shelter.
This island was renamed " Anaphe ", which means "He revealed it". Apollo helped the Greek hero Diomedes , to escape from a great tempest during his journey homeward.
As a token of gratitude, Diomedes built a temple in honor of Apollo under the epithet Epibaterius "the embarker". During the Trojan War, Odysseus came to the Trojan camp to return Chriseis, the daughter of Apollo's priest Chryses , and brought many offerings to Apollo.
Pleased with this, Apollo sent gentle breezes that helped Odysseus return safely to the Greek camp. Arion was a poet who was kidnapped by some sailors for the rich prizes he possessed.
Arion requested them to let him sing for the last time, to which the sailors consented. Arion began singing a song in praise of Apollo, seeking the god's help.
Consequently, numerous dolphins surrounded the ship and when Arion jumped into the water, the dolphins carried him away safely.
Once Hera , out of spite, aroused the Titans to war against Zeus and take away his throne. Accordingly, when the Titans tried to climb Mount Olympus , Zeus with the help of Apollo, Artemis and Athena , defeated them and cast them into tartarus.
Apollo played a pivotal role in the entire Trojan War. He sided with the Trojans, and sent a terrible plague to the Greek camp, which indirectly led to the conflict between Achilles and Agamemnon.
He killed the Greek heroes Patroclus , Achilles, and numerous Greek soldiers. He also helped many Trojan heroes, the most important one being Hector.
After the end of the war, Apollo and Poseidon together cleaned the remains of the city and the camps. A war broke out between the Brygoi and the Thesprotians, who had the support of Odysseus.
The gods Athena and Ares came to the battlefield and took sides. Athena helped the hero Odysseus while Ares fought alongside of the Brygoi.
When Odysseus lost, Athena and Ares came into a direct duel. To stop the battling gods and the terror created by their battle, Apollo intervened and stopped the duel between them.
When Zeus suggested that Dionysus defeat the Indians in order to earn a place among the gods, Dionysus declared war against the Indians and travelled to India along with his army of Bacchantes and satyrs.
Among the warriors was Aristaeus , Apollo's son. Apollo armed his son with his own hands and gave him a bow and arrows and fitted a strong shield to his arm.
During the war between the sons of Oedipus , Apollo favored Amphiaraus , a seer and one of the leaders in the war.
Though saddened that the seer was fated to be doomed in the war, Apollo made Amphiaraus' last hours glorious by "lighting his shield and his helm with starry gleam".
When Hypseus tried to kill the hero by a spear, Apollo directed the spear towards the charioteer of Amphiaraus instead.
Then Apollo himself replaced the charioteer and took the reins in his hands. He deflected many spears and arrows away them. At last when the moment of departure came, Apollo expressed his grief with tears in his eyes and bid farewell to Amphiaraus, who was soon engulfed by the Earth.
During the gigantomachy , Apollo killed the giant Ephialtes by shooting him in his eyes. He also killed Porphyrion , the king of giants, using his bow and arrows.
Otis and Ephialtes, the twin giants were together called the Aloadae. These giants are said to have grown every year by one cubit in breadth and three cubits in height.
Olympus by piling up mountains. They also threatened to change land into sea and sea into land. Some say they even dared to seek the hand of Hera and Artemis in marriage.
Angered by this, Apollo killed them by shooting arrows at them. He sent a deer between them. As they tried to kill it with their javelins, they accidentally stabbed each other and died.
Phorbas was a savage giant king of Phlegyas who was described as having swine like features. He wished to plunder Delphi for its wealth.
He seized the roads to Delphi and started harassing the pilgrims. He captured the old people and children and sent them to his army to hold them for ransom.
And he challenged the young and sturdy men to a match of boxing, only to cut their heads off when they would get defeated by him. He hung the chopped off heads to an oak tree.
Finally, Apollo came to put an end to this cruelty. He entered a boxing contest with Phorbas and killed him with a single blow. In the first Olympic games , Apollo defeated Ares and became the victor in wrestling.
He outran Hermes in the race and won first place. Apollo divides months into summer and winter. During his absence, Delphi was under the care of Dionysus , and no prophecies were given during winters.
Molpadia and Parthenos were the sisters of Rhoeo , a former lover of Apollo. One day, they were put in charge of watching their father's ancestral wine jar but they fell asleep while performing this duty.
While they were asleep, the wine jar was broken by the swines their family kept. When the sisters woke up and saw what had happened, they threw themselves off a cliff in fear of their father's wrath.
Apollo, who was passing by, caught them and carried them to two different cities in Chersonesus, Molpadia to Castabus and Parthenos to Bubastus.
He turned them into goddesses and they both received divine honors. Molpadia's name was changed to Hemithea upon her deification. Prometheus was the titan who was punished by Zeus for stealing fire.
He was bound to a rock, where each day an eagle was sent to eat Prometheus' liver, which would then grow back overnight to be eaten again the next day.
Seeing his plight, Apollo pleaded Zeus to release the kind Titan, while Artemis and Leto stood behind him with tears in their eyes.
Zeus, moved by Apollo's words and the tears of the goddesses, finally sent Heracles to free Prometheus. Leukatas was believed to be a white colored rock jutting out from the island of Leukas into the sea.
It was present in the sanctuary of Apollo Leukates. A leap from this rock was believed to have put an end to the longings of love.
Once, Aphrodite fell deeply in love with Adonis , a young man of great beauty who was later accidentally killed by a boar. Heartbroken, Aphrodite wandered looking for the rock of Leukas.
When she reached the sanctuary of Apollo in Argos, she confided in him her love and sorrow. Apollo then brought her to the rock of Leukas and asked her to throw herself from the top of the rock.
She did so and was freed from her love. When she sought for the reason behind this, Apollo told her that Zeus, before taking another lover, would sit on this rock to free himself from his love to Hera.
Another tale relates that a man named Nireus, who fell in love with the cult statue of Athena, came to the rock and jumped in order relieve himself.
After jumping, he fell into the net of a fisherman in which, when he was pulled out, he found a box filled with gold.
He fought with the fisherman and took the gold, but Apollo appeared to him in the night in a dream and warned him not to appropriate gold which belonged to others.
It was an ancestral custom among the Leukadians to fling a criminal from this rock every year at the sacrifice performed in honor of Apollo for the sake of averting evil.
However, a number of men would be stationed all around below rock to catch the criminal and take him out of the borders in order to exile him from the island.
Love affairs ascribed to Apollo are a late development in Greek mythology. Daphne was a nymph whose parentage varies. She scorned Apollo's advances and ran away from him.
When Apollo chased her in order to persuade her, she changed herself into a laurel tree. According to other versions, she cried for help during the chase, and Gaea helped her by taking her in and placing a laurel tree in her place.
The myth explains the origin of the laurel and connection of Apollo with the laurel and its leaves, which his priestess employed at Delphi.
The leaves became the symbol of victory and laurel wreaths were given to the victors of the Pythian games. Apollo is said to have been the lover of all nine Muses , and not being able to choose one of them, decided to remain unwed.
Cyrene , was a Thessalian princess whom Apollo loved. In her honor, he built the city Cyrene and made her its ruler. She was later granted longevity by Apollo who turned her into a nymph.
The couple had two sons, Aristaeus , and Idmon. Evadne was a nymph daughter of Poseidon and a lover of Apollo.
She bore him a son, Iamos. During the time of the childbirth, Apollo sent Eileithyia , the goddess of childbirth to assist her. Rhoeo , a princess of the island of Naxos was loved by Apollo.
Out of affection for her, Apollo turned her sisters into goddesses. On the island Delos she bore Apollo a son named Anius. Not wanting to have the child, she entrusted the infant to Apollo and left.
Apollo raised and educated the child on his own. Ourea, a daughter of Poseidon , fell in love with Apollo when he and Poseidon were serving the Trojan king Laomedon.
They both united on the day the walls of Troy were built. Ileus was very dear to Apollo. Thero , daughter of Phylas , a maiden as beautiful as the moonbeams, was loved by the radiant Apollo, and she loved him in return.
By their union, she became mother of Chaeron, who was famed as "the tamer of horses". He later built the city Chaeronea.
Hyrie or Thyrie was the mother of Cycnus. Apollo turned both the mother and son into swans when they jumped into a lake and tried to kill themselves.
An oracle prophesied that Troy would not be defeated as long as Troilus reached the age of twenty alive. He was ambushed and killed by Achilleus , and Apollo avenged his death by killing Achilles.
After the sack of Troy, Hecuba was taken to Lycia by Apollo. Coronis , was daughter of Phlegyas , King of the Lapiths.
While pregnant with Asclepius , Coronis fell in love with Ischys , son of Elatus and slept with him. When Apollo found out about her infidelity through his prophetic powers, he sent his sister, Artemis, to kill Coronis.
Apollo rescued the baby by cutting open Koronis' belly and gave it to the centaur Chiron to raise. He used his powers to conceal her pregnancy from her father.
Later, when Creusa left Ion to die in the wild, Apollo asked Hermes to save the child and bring him to the oracle at Delphi , where he was raised by a priestess.
Hyacinth or Hyacinthus was one of Apollo's favorite lovers. The pair was practicing throwing the discus when a discus thrown by Apollo was blown off course by the jealous Zephyrus and struck Hyacinthus in the head, killing him instantly.
Apollo is said to be filled with grief. The festival Hyacinthia was a national celebration of Sparta, which commemorated the death and rebirth of Hyacinthus.
Another male lover was Cyparissus , a descendant of Heracles. Apollo gave him a tame deer as a companion but Cyparissus accidentally killed it with a javelin as it lay asleep in the undergrowth.
Cyparissus was so saddened by its death that he asked Apollo to let his tears fall forever. Apollo granted the request by turning him into the Cypress named after him, which was said to be a sad tree because the sap forms droplets like tears on the trunk.
Admetus , the king of Pherae, was also Apollo's lover. The romantic nature of their relationship was first described by Callimachus of Alexandria, who wrote that Apollo was "fired with love" for Admetus.
He would also make cheese and serve it to Admetus. His domestic actions caused embarrassment to his family. Oh how often his sister Diana blushed at meeting her brother as he carried a young calf through the fields!
When Admetus wanted to marry princess Alcestis , Apollo provided a chariot pulled by a lion and a boar he had tamed. This satisfied Alcestis' father and he let Admetus marry his daughter.
Further, Apollo saved the king from Artemis' wrath and also convinced the Moirai to postpone Admetus' death once. Branchus , a shepherd, one day came across Apollo in the woods.
Captivated by the god's beauty, he kissed Apollo. Apollo requited his affections and wanting to reward him, bestowed prophetic skills on him.
His descendants, the Branchides, were an influential clan of prophets. Apollo sired many children, from mortal women and nymphs as well as the goddesses.
His children grew up to be physicians, musicians, poets, seers or archers. Many of his sons founded new cities and became kings.
They were all usually very beautiful. Asclepius is the most famous son of Apollo. His skills as a physician surpassed that of Apollo's.
Zeus killed him for bringing back the dead, but upon Apollo's request, he was resurrected as a god. Aristaeus was placed under the care of Chiron after his birth.
He became the god of beekeeping, cheese making, animal husbandry and more. He was ultimately given immortality for the benefits he bestowed upon the humanity.
The Corybantes were spear-clashing, dancing demigods. The sons of Apollo who participated in the Trojan War include the Trojan princes Hector and Troilus , as well as Tenes , the king of Tenedos , all three of whom were killed by Achilles over the course of the war.
Apollo fathered 3 daughters, Apollonis , Borysthenis and Cephisso , who formed a group of minor Muses, the "Musa Apollonides". They were nicknamed Nete, Mese and Hypate after the highest, middle and lowest strings of his lyre.
Anius , Pythaeus and Ismenus lived as high priests. Most of them were trained by Apollo himself. He also had a son named Chrysorrhoas who was a mechanic artist.
Apollo turned Parthenos into a constellation after her early death. Additionally, Apollo fostered and educated Chiron , the centaur who later became the greatest teacher and educated many demigods, including Apollo's sons.
Apollo also fostered Carnus , the son of Zeus and Europa. Marpessa was kidnapped by Idas but was loved by Apollo as well.
Zeus made her choose between them, and she chose Idas on the grounds that Apollo, being immortal, would tire of her when she grew old. Sinope , a nymph, was approached by the amorous Apollo.
She made him promise that he would grant to her whatever she would ask for, and then cleverly asked him to let her stay a virgin.
Apollo kept his promise and went back. Bolina was admired by Apollo but she refused him and jumped into the sea. To avoid her death, Apollo turned her into a nymph and let her go.
Castalia was a nymph whom Apollo loved. She fled from him and dove into the spring at Delphi, at the base of Mt. Parnassos , which was then named after her.
Water from this spring was sacred; it was used to clean the Delphian temples and inspire the priestesses. Cassandra , was a daughter of Hecuba and Priam.
Apollo wished to court her. Cassandra promised to return his love on one condition - he should give her the power to see the future.
Apollo fulfilled her wish, but she went back on her word and rejected him soon after. Angered that she broke her promise, Apollo cursed her that even though she would see the future, no one would ever believe her prophecies.
Hestia , the goddess of the hearth, rejected both Apollo's and Poseidon's marriage proposals and swore that she would always stay unmarried.
Artemis as the sister of Apollo, is thea apollousa , that is, she as a female divinity represented the same idea that Apollo did as a male divinity.
In the pre-Hellenic period, their relationship was described as the one between husband and wife, and there seems to have been a tradition which actually described Artemis as the wife of Apollo.
However, this relationship was never sexual but spiritual,  which is why they both are seen being unmarried in the Hellenic period.
Artemis, like her brother, is armed with a bow and arrows. She is the cause of sudden deaths of women. She also is the protector of the young, especially girls.
Though she has nothing to do with oracles, music or poetry, she sometimes led the female chorus on Olympus while Apollo sang. Artemis Daphnaia had her temple among the Lacedemonians, at a place called Hypsoi.
Hecate , the goddess of witchcraft and magic, is the chthonic counterpart of Apollo. They both are cousins, since their mothers - Leto and Asteria - are sisters.
One of Apollo's epithets, Hecatos , is the masculine form of Hecate, and both the names mean "working from afar". While Apollo presided over the prophetic powers and magic of light and heaven, Hecate presided over the prophetic powers and magic of night and chthonian darkness.
Hecate is the goddess of crossroads and Apollo is the god and protector of streets. The oldest evidence found for Hecate's worship is at Apollo's temple in Miletos.
There, Hecate was taken to be Apollo's sister counterpart in the absence of Artemis. As a deity of knowledge and great power, Apollo was seen being the male counterpart of Athena.
Being Zeus' favorite children, they were given more powers and duties. Apollo and Athena often took up the role as protectors of cities, and were patrons of some of the important cities.
Athena was the principle goddess of Athens , Apollo was the principle god of Sparta. As patrons of arts, Apollo and Athena were companions of the Muses , the former a much more frequent companion than the latter.
In the Trojan war, as Zeus' executive, Apollo is seen holding the aegis like Athena usually does. In Aeschylus ' Oresteia trilogy, Clytemnestra kills her husband, King Agamemnon because he had sacrificed their daughter Iphigenia to proceed forward with the Trojan war.
Apollo gives an order through the Oracle at Delphi that Agamemnon's son, Orestes , is to kill Clytemnestra and Aegisthus , her lover. Orestes and Pylades carry out the revenge, and consequently Orestes is pursued by the Erinyes or Furies female personifications of vengeance.
Apollo and the Furies argue about whether the matricide was justified; Apollo holds that the bond of marriage is sacred and Orestes was avenging his father, whereas the Erinyes say that the bond of blood between mother and son is more meaningful than the bond of marriage.
They invade his temple, and he drives them away. He says that the matter should be brought before Athena. Apollo promises to protect Orestes, as Orestes has become Apollo's supplicant.
Apollo advocates Orestes at the trial, and ultimately Athena rules in favor of Apollo. The Roman worship of Apollo was adopted from the Greeks.
On the occasion of a pestilence in the s BCE, Apollo's first temple at Rome was established in the Flaminian fields, replacing an older cult site there known as the "Apollinare".
After the battle of Actium , which was fought near a sanctuary of Apollo, Augustus enlarged Apollo's temple, dedicated a portion of the spoils to him, and instituted quinquennial games in his honour.
The chief Apollonian festival was the Pythian Games held every four years at Delphi and was one of the four great Panhellenic Games.
Also of major importance was the Delia held every four years on Delos. She asked from her father, the river god Peneus , to be transformed into something else.
And just as Apollo was about to embrace her, she was — into a laurel tree. The god swore to love her forever and, ever since, he wears a laurel wreath as a token of his unhappy love.
After Cyparissus accidentally killed his pet-deer — which was gifted to him by Apollo — he asked his divine lover to let him be sorrowful forever.
So, Apollo unwillingly transformed Cyparissus into a cypress tree. The story of Hyacinthus is even sadder. He was a favorite of Apollo and he dearly loved the god back.
Apollo appears throughout most of the Greek literature. An embodiment of the Hellenic ideal of kalokagathia, he is harmony, reason and moderation personified, a perfect blend of physical superiority and moral virtue.
The parents of Apollo were Zeus and Leto. Apollo had 4 children: Asclepius , Troilus , Aristaeus and Orpheus.Apollon (altgriechisch Ἀπόλλων, lateinisch Apollo, deutsch auch Apoll) ist in der griechischen und römischen Mythologie der Gott des Lichts, der Heilung, des. Apollo steht für: Apollon, einen Gott in der römischen und griechischen Mythologie, nach dem verschiedenste Dinge benannt wurden. () Apollo, einen. Der Apollo war einer der Wichtigsten der olympischen Gottheiten im antiken Griechenland. Apollo war der Gott des Lichts, Heilung und Musik. Er ist der Sohn. Begleite Sonnengott Apollo in eine epische Spielewelt und entdecke auf dem Weg zum Slot-Olymp kolossale Gewinnchancen.